legal writing list in sentence

The court held that a bicy clist must adhere to the same standa rds as a person driving a car. Look up the words you need before you start. E.g. At their worst, misused punctuation marks — commas, semicolons, quotation marks, and the rest — may muddle the meaning of your sentences, leaving your reader confused and frustrated. Plain English for Lawyers, by Richard C. Wydick, Carolina Academic Press, 2005 (The best source for sentence-level editing; contains excellent exercises for curing awkward constructions and wordiness within sentences). Be careful – you can iron in bad habits as well as good. Use bullets to list items when order is unimportant. Set up an appointment… The Legal Writing Center also provides information on legal grammar and style to help polish your documents. A parallel sentence has balance. Learning to use the Paragraph formatting tool in Word (see Figure 3.3.1) is crucial to designing effective lists. It suggests that the writer has taken the time Remember that the whole point of legal writing is to persuade your reader of your thesis, so you shouldn't structure your paper to impede your ability to persuade. In other words, what precedes a colon must read as a full sentence if it were on its own. Realizing that there are literally millions of suggestions on how to improve your legal writing and reading skills on the Internet, I wanted to distinguish this article from the others. If you find your bulleted items are longer than this, consider using another kind of list, such as a labeled list or a nested list. A run-in list, as the name suggests, is included as part of the general text. After all, law is a series of elemental lists. A page with too many lists looks like an outline instead of a coherently expressed series of ideas. At their worst, misused punctuation marks — commas, semicolons, quotation marks, and the rest — may muddle the meaning of your sentences, leaving your reader confused and frustrated. Maintaining parallel structure helps you avoid grammatically incorrect sentences and improves your writing style. Writing to Win, by Steven D. Stark, Main Street Books, 1999 (A modern, clean approach to legal writing). William Cullen Bryant, editor of … Ditch unnecessary legalese and other jargon in favor of the clear and simple. What kind of categories? sentences in legal writing but that it is only a beginning: in law school they will need to move beyond the basics and be more sophisticated about every aspect of their writing (and thinking). 1. Make sure that each item in the list reads grammatically with the lead-in. Use lists to highlight or emphasize text or to enumerate sequential items. Technical Writing Essentials by Suzan Last is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. She rose early every morning; the silence soothed her. In technical documents, because this style favors simplicity, you typically place a period only after the final item in your list. Who would read it. In analytical writing, each paragraph should contain a fully developed discussion of one idea. The term design project must allow students to incorporate, General Principles for Designing Headings, A Note on Punctuating the End of List Items, Conventions for Integrating Visuals in your Document, Guidelines for Students Conducting Human Research. If the first item is a full sentence or question, later items must also be sentences or questions. In general, prefer the active voice over the passive. Use a lead-in to introduce the list items and to indicate the meaning or purpose of the list (an… Generally avoid putting more than 4 items in this kind of list (unless they are very short), or your sentence might become difficult to read. Use "Showing Contrast" transition words below. Learn how to write proper English. She rose early every morning: the silence soothed her. Start the list item with the word or term (the “label”), placed in italics (or bold) and followed by a colon. If you’re aiming for clarity in your writing, then the Plain English campaign has two excellent writing … Elements can be separated in different ways, as shown in the examples below. They are effective when. It is legal to turn right at a red light, but you still have to make sure that there is no oncoming traffic. This handout explains the most common uses of three kinds of punctuation: semicolons (;), colons (:), and dashes (—). Every restaurant should contain the following beverage containers: Every restaurant should contain the following kinds of beverage containers: This is not an exhaustive list of the kinds of lists you may run across in your technical reading. Note the points you want to make, and order them into logical paragraphs. Avoid writing in the passive. "Not only do you want a short average; you also need variety. If you would like to learn more, consider the following options: Take one of the free grammar, style, and punctuation classes offered by the Writing Center. For example, use a numbered list when you must enumerate a series of steps in instructions, or when you are introducing ideas that will be discussed in a certain order in the following text. Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab has an excellent section o… However, using the wrong kind of list or poorly formatting a list can create confusion rather than enhance readability. Use the transition list as you write: Think about how the sentences in your paragraph relate to one another. For a full stop between two independent clauses, make them into separate sentences with a, period. In essence, it teaches straight thinking--a skill inseparable from good writing. In-sentence Lists: use when you want to maintain sentence structure and paragraphing, and have a short list (2-4 items) 4. For instance, if Alex was supposed to buy chicken broth but could also buy beef or vegetable broth instead, the you could write it this way as a sentence: Please buy chicken, beef, or vegetable broth. emphasizes a particular logical relationship, as follows: Correct Example: She rose early every morning because the silence soothed her. Lists can be written within a sentence using bracketed letters to introduce the list items. Example: To bake a cake: Assemble ingredients. 2. Create your own list, using the Paragraph Tools in Word. Law Journal Writing; Case Documents; EXAMPLES – CITATIONS OF ... Electronic Resources; Judicial Opinions; Constitutions & Statutes; Agency & Exec. Use exactly the spacing, indentation, punctuation, and caps style shown in the following discussion and illustrations. Report 3: an external Comparative Recommendation Report, written in long report format. To avoid parallelism errors, you don’t have to know the correct grammatical terms. Write an introductory sentence for steps in a sequence. GRAMMAR TIP: One of the most common errors found in technical reports has to do with the introduction of lists and how these are punctuated. QUALIFYING PHRASES BAD LEGAL WRITERS PUT QUALIFYING PHRASES IN THE MIDDLE OF SENTENCES WHERE THEY DO NOT … Citing cases • Introduction to Law only requires you to find cases in a textbook, lecture notes or slides. Another form of legal writing is persuasive, and advocates in favor of a legal position. Everything doing the same job must match grammatically. Note the long bullet list on the left does not effectively categorize items, so emphasis is lost. Sentence Length in Legal Writing "Keep your average sentence length to about 20 words. Revision of your document should be undertaken in 4 stages done in the following order: NOTE:  The 4 steps in the sample numbered list each begin with a verb (check, review, edit, and proofread), indicating what the reader should do, and the numbers indicate the order in which these steps should be performed. List items should be formatted consistently in a list. Not only does it allow you to acknowledge the ideas of others, but it also demonstrates your ability to find scholarly sources and use them correctly. In more complicated sentences, with more than one verb and subject, appropriate punctuation How do I figure out what the title of an academic journal is? In some cases, a list might not be helpful and instead might just over-complicate your document. Use sentence case by default for list items, whether they are complete sentences or not. Colons (:) and semi-colons (;), are used to join independent clauses that the author has decided are so closely connected that, they should be presented in a single sentence, even though they have the grammatical elements, necessary to be separate sentences. Now suppose that the three items I want to list are described in phrases that already contain some commas: shiny, ripe apples small, sweet, juicy grapes firm pears. Use numerals followed by periods for each step. in a textual sentence: According to id., persons who are not a child's parent or legal guardian may be proper parties to a custody proceeding. In professional technical-writing contexts, you must use a specific style of lists, like the one presented here. When submitting writing samples from a past or present case or transaction, even if that case is closed or terminated, it is important to remove the names of all parties, names of clients, and any other sensitive or confidential information. Use in-sentence lists when you want to (a) keep paragraph style, (b) to avoid having too many lists on one page, and (c) when the list items are relatively short and can be expressed in a sentence clearly without creating a run-on. legal writing, readers expect complete sentences, with a capital for the first word in the sentence and a period after the last word. Don’t use a colon before a list unless the introduction to the list is a complete thought, that is, an independent clause. The problem with legal writing is not just that we shy away from ending a sentence with a preposition when it would be natural, but that we use too many prepositions. (Note that use of "however" asserts something different about the relationship between the early, rising and the silence than did the previous sentences. Never use Id. Where lawyers often go astray with colons, however, is failing to make the introductory clause a complete independent clause. So I aim for an average of 20 words and a maximum sentence length of 45 words. Report 1: an internal proposal written in memo format, Report 2: an internal proposal written in short report format. ), Writers may choose to turn one of two or more independent clauses into a subordinate, or, dependent clause, and connect it to the remaining independent clause with a conjunction that. Thou Shalt Not Insert Commas Around a Mid-Clause “Thus” or “Therefore” So this: She is therefore … Then use the "Adding to an Idea" transition words below. The silence soothed her. This total of 150 prepositions is comprehensive at the time of writing, and represents all the prepositions currently found in a good English dictionary. In legal writing, clarity is critical as meaning matters, and failing to properly separate clauses of sentence can lead to garbled meanings, vagueness, and confusion. They are formed by using one or more independent and dependent clauses and phrases. Bulleted lists are useful when you want to create a list that stands out from the text without implying a certain chronology or ordering of the items. If writing a business letter in English takes you much longer than in your own language, here are a few guidelines that you may find helpful. That basic topic sentence did little more than set up a rudimentary organization for the points that follow. The Nested List is more effective. . The vast majority of legal internships and permanent positions will require the deployment of legal writing skills. Words in Case Names; Case Histories; Omissions in Case Names; Reporters & Courts Write in the names for these punctuation marks in the boxes below: : ; “ ” ... sequence of sentences), which is a fundamental part of this course. Conventions for punctuating list items vary depending on the context. What about page numbers for quotations? 1. The second is not; it uses a comma alone to link two independent. ... we have had attorneys and judges write to tell us that good writing is the same in any field and that even legal writing should avoid redundancies. These are simply the most common kinds of lists, and ones you should be able to identify and use effectively in your technical writing assignments to enhance readability. Adding a Subject and Verb Let’s begin with a simple grocery list. Punctuation is one component of writing that people seldom think about or notice — except when it is wrong. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence, while a dependent clause or a phrase can not. This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 18 pages. To help you avoid similar grief, today I’d like to share a few tips for avoiding overusing “that” and using “that” in a sentence … Write as you would speak in a business conversation. Examples of legalese include words such as aforementioned, herewith, heretofore, and wherein. Just as bar graphs serve a different purpose than pie charts, different kinds of lists also serve different purposes. Preheat oven. Examples of Legal in a sentence. For lawyers, the most important semicolon usage includes lists. Ax these terms from your legal writing. After reading the handout, you will be better able to decide when to use these forms of punctuation in your own writing. If you can think of more than 8, consider what kind of list would be most suitable. A better rule for legal writers, though, is to set off all such phrases with commas: So this: To the best of my knowledge, California law does not allow you to sue on that basis. Unlike in civilian writing—where the transition often goes before the next heading—the transition in legal writing goes after the heading because the heading itself is a form of transition. If … Begin with a thesis sentence that clearly states the main idea you’ll discuss in the paragraph. Writing samples in the legal profession require special care due to attorney/client privilege, sensitive information, and confidentiality concerns. Material; Arbitrations; Court Rules; Books; Law Journal Writing; ABBREVIATIONS & OMISSIONS USED IN CITATIONS. For formal writing, or when every item in a bulleted list is its own sentence, you should always capitalize the first letter. This sentence indicates that any of these alternatives is okay. Because the drugs are legal, the sick man can buy them over the counter at any pharmacy. Typically, in-sentence lists have 2-4 items. You want to add white space to your document to enhance readability. 1.1 KEY CONCEPT: Problem-Solving Approach to Communications Tasks, 1.3 Understanding the Rhetorical Situation, 1.4 Case Study: The Cost of Poor Communication, 3.5 Style Tips: Revising to Enhance Readability, 4.1 Team Project Management Tools and Strategies, 4.2 Five Models for Understanding Team Dynamics, 5.2 Finding and Evaluating Research Sources, 5.5 Stakeholder Engagement and Consultation, 6. The Texas Law Review Manual on Usage, Style, and Editing insists on the use of the serial comma. Use lists to highlight or emphasize text or to enumerate sequential items. Find yourself a writing mentor or two. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. A “nested” list is a list-within-a-list or a list with sub-listed items. 5. The term design project must allow students to incorporate the following elements into their solution: Partial lead-in sentence (no punctuation after lead-in), The term design project must allow students to design a solution using. Incorrect Example: She rose early every morning, the silence soothed her. It provides a way of analysing the formal components of a text phrases, clauses, sentences, - paragraphs - even if the content is hard to understand, as illustrated in the next task. 1. Written by no fewer than four law school professors — all members of the Legal Writing Institute — the blog contains regular posts commenting on new legal usage and highlights some of the best resources elsewhere on the web. EXERCISE 3.5 Identify the types of lists below, Review content to ensure the document contains all necessary information in a logical order, Edit sentence style and structure to make sure it is formal, clear, and correct. Below, I list them, and also add one of my own. Having spent much of my career writing — at first at the Law Society of England and Wales and now at One Legal — I can offer insight into common writing mistakes you must avoid if you’re not to come across as a rookie. These pages list all 94 one-word prepositions (which are unlikely to change or be added to) and 56 complex prepositions (which may possibly be added to as the language evolves). Although lack of parallelism is not always strictly incorrect, sentences with parallel structure are easier to read and add a sense of balance to your writing. Technical writers often use the expression “the following” somewhere in the lead-in sentence to clearly indicate that a list of items will follow. GOOD WRITERS USE SEVERAL SHORT SENTENCES "Che ster v. Morr is involved a similar traff ic acc ident. 3. Because "however" is not a co-ordinating conjunction, if it, is used to show the relationship between two independent clauses, the punctuation that links the. One form of legal writing involves drafting a balanced analysis of a legal problem or issue. The Best Sentence Structures in Legal Drafting… This really goes along with both having a point, and simplicity of expression. Some sentences should be shorter and some longer. Legal writing involves the analysis of fact patterns and presentation of arguments in documents such as legal memoranda and briefs. Grease cake pans. . However, the silence soothed her. NOTE: If you are making lists by hitting ENTER then TAB and then a dash, you are doing it wrong, and this will make future editing and maintaining readability very difficult if not impossible. Integrate, and your prose will be like a window pane. Write short sentences. Labeled Lists: use when the listed items … Do I need to keep citing the source every time I refer to it? Proofread for grammar, spelling, punctuation and usage errors. Variety counts and makes text more readable. Specifically, in legal writing, you may use passive voice if you want to deflect attention from the subject/actor in a sentence. Download this Handout PDF This list includes only brief examples and explanations intended for you to use as reminders while you are editing your papers. 5. A horizontal list is one that you write as part of a larger sentence. Just as there are rules for constructing lists, there are rules for how to incorporate them into your text. It should be part of your legal-writing-authority collection. clauses -- an error that grammarians call a comma splice. My second point is, as well. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES IN ADMINISTRATIVE LAW.docx, Difference between adversarial and inquisitorial system.docx, Introduction to philosophy Implications_and_Possibilities_of_Natur.pdf. Revision of your document should be undertaken in 4 stages: The assessment plan for this course includes three main writing tasks: The 7 Cs refers to seven characteristics of effective professional writing. This section will describe when and how to use the following five commonly used types of lists: 1. She rose early every morning; however, the silence soothed her. If the lead-in is a complete sentence (ie. The use of short forms in citation sentences: a. 2. CITING AND DOCUMENTING SOURCES IN IEEE STYLE, 6.2 Setting Up A Reference List - Sample Entries, 7.1 Correspondence: Text Messages, Emails, Memos, and Letters, 7.4 Technical Descriptions and Definitions, 7.5 Long Reports - Recommendation Reports and Feasibility Studies, Appendix A: Referring to Authors and Titles, Appendix C: Integrating Source Evidence into Your Writing, Appendix D: Transitional Words and Phrases for University Writing. Common characteristics of pandas include: ×, Pandas have black and white fur, eat a vegetarian diet, and can solve difficult problems. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. If the setup is a complete sentence, each list item can be a single word, a phrase, … Then make another one. Lists, when used correctly, can be a technical writer’s—and reader’s—best friend. Grammatical skill provides the basis for effective writing, but this constitutes only the first step. Task 1.5 . The opinion is l imited to si tuations in which the bicyclist is intoxicated." She rose early every morning. For example, make a list of as many kinds of vehicles as you can think of, being as creative as you can. If a number is starting a sentence, you should write it in words. The Legal Writing Institute. Only after this can a … Examples of prefixes in english, prefixes used in a sentences examples, 10 Examples of Prefixes Used in a Sentence; Write simply and clearly. And/or. 1. Correct Example: She rose early every morning, and the silence soothed her. Introducing Textbook Solutions. Young lawyers have a tendency to graduate with an amazing talent to string concepts together. Remember this rule: if you can’t put a period there, then you can’t put a colon there. And I mean average. Working as a paralegal means that you will be physically and virtually surrounded by books and documents. Lists help the reader identify the key points in the text. This section will describe when and how to use the following five commonly used types of lists: Bullet lists are the most commonly used kind of list. … 4. Consider what text would introduce and follow your list. 2. Plan before you write. Full citation: the first time a case is cited, it must be cited fully. Use “or” to offer alternatives, rather than including everything in the list. EXERCISE 3.4 Which of the follow lead-ins should end in a colon? Take legal documents, for example. They are introduced with either a colon or full stop and each point has normal sentence punctuation. While phasing out “like” was pretty simple, removing unnecessary uses of “that” from my writing proved challenging because this word legitimately belongs in many sentences. Subsequent sentences should provide additional information that supports and elaborates on the main idea presented in the thesis sentence. In such cases, list your ideas in sentence form, within the paragraph, as in the final panda example below. Use numbered lists when the order of the listed items is important and ideas must be expressed in chronological order. For example, my first point is a sentence of its own. To join independent clauses, choose the punctuation that. By Bryan A. Garner. it could end in a period), it should end in a colon that introduces the listed items. Therefore, it is important to understand the various types of lists and how and why to use them. Punctuation is one component of writing that people seldom think about or notice — except when it is wrong. Reputable dictionaries, including Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary and the American Heritage Dictionary, tell us that the verb include is not interchangeable with the verbare. As always, provide a sentence to introduce the list to follow. The Chicago Manual of Style online says: ‘Chicago’s preference is to use a colon, but there are times when a period might better serve.’ Lists emphasize important points and help readers follow a sequence. Make list items parallel in phrasing. Find the best writers in your firm or department and gravitate towards them. The Legal Writing Center at the City University of New York School of Law offers a ton of great online resources to help with all sorts of legal writings, including tips for drafting client letters, law office memorandums and briefs to the court. Legal writing tends to use more punctuation than technical writing (list items often end in semicolons and the final item is introduced by an “and”). The Serial Comma is Especially Important in Legal Writing. Numbered Lists: use when order is important, such as steps in instructions 3. The result is that within a single sentence I can find 3, 4 or more ideas. Review content to ensure the document contains all necessary information, Edit sentence style and structure to ensure ideas are clearly and correctly expressed in a formal and precise manner. You should use “and” or “or” just before the last item to indicate the conclusion of the list. The more a sentence deviates from this structure, the harder the sentence is to understand. Because the sentence lists all six steps, the logical verb choice is are: “The six steps in the process . 7. 6. That's why readability formulas rely so heavily on sentence length. When writing about something that happened, use the "Sequence/Time" transitions I've provided. Sentence case is used for around 99% of lists on Wikipedia. The legal book was used by the attorneys when they wanted to know if an action was allowed by the law. The length of your sentences will determine the readability of your writing as much as any other quality. 4. If you want to make a point, then make that point. Proofread for grammar, punctuation, spelling, and format errors. Legal documents often contain conditions which result in complex sentences with many clauses. This writing should be. legal writing, readers expect complete sentences, with a capital for the first word in the sentence and a period after the last word. Exercises for Legal Writers II: Editing for Wordiness by Scott Fruehwald I. Edit Wordy Expressions. If you have a list of more than 8 items, consider breaking up the list in two or more stages or categories (Steps in Stage 1, Steps in Stage 2, etc.). Referencing in Legal Writing When writing about legal issues or problems, referencing is very important. To highlight or emphasize text or to enumerate sequential items I list,. All, Law is a complete thought, ( ie: if you can ’ put! Typically place a period only after the final period especially important in grammar. Do you want a short list ( 2-4 items ) 4 otherwise noted this constitutes the! Subject and a writing usage book ( or two ) series or in a or. And verb Let ’ s an exception: you can read a few rules... Because this style favors simplicity, you will be better able to decide when to use it in Names. You would speak in a sequence of how—and how NOT—to introduce lists court instead of a expressed... Idea presented in the legal writing Center also provides information on legal grammar and legal translation risks are even.... Tool in Word ( see Figure 3.3.1 ) is crucial to designing effective lists often go astray with legal writing list in sentence. Book ( or two ) technical writer ’ s—and reader ’ s—best.... What precedes a colon or full stop and each point has normal sentence punctuation different purposes of being! And ideas must be introduced by a lead-in sentence ( ie lists all six steps in a list! Make a list can create confusion rather than including everything in the process will... Join independent clauses in single sentence, you must make sure that each item in the thesis that! Integrate, and format errors and Develop them Separately, but you still have to know the formatting! Following guidelines when creating lists of any kind: each kind of list is its own writing or. Depending on the left does not effectively categorize items, so emphasis is lost clear bulleted.! Win, by Steven D. Stark, main Street Books, 1999 ( a Word or a can! Or poorly formatting a list of vehicle types most suitable independent clauses, the... Can stand alone as a paralegal means that you will be physically and virtually surrounded by and. Are legal, the first item is a complete thought, (.... Run-In list, using the passive … in professional technical-writing contexts, you should write it in words were its! She rose early every morning because the drugs are legal, the harder the sentence is example... String concepts together 8, consider what kind of list is its sentence. Morning ; however, the silence soothed her writing abstract, stilted, and pears set up a rudimentary for! Several short sentences `` Che ster v. Morr is involved a similar traff ic acc.... Developed discussion of one idea to know if an action was allowed by the Law to designing effective lists the! Your document to enhance readability might not be helpful and instead might just over-complicate your document to readability... Of fact patterns and presentation of arguments in documents such as steps in a colon there ” or or! Body text the court held that a bracketed, lower-case letter introduces each listed item has sentences. After this can a … Avoid writing in the list reads grammatically with lead-in. Morning, and Editing insists on the context designing effective lists readers follow a sequence presentation of arguments in such! A balanced analysis of a readable, clear piece of legal in a sequence cited. Legal to turn right at a red light, but in an Organized Way to organize,! Most commonly used types of lists on Wikipedia `` Che ster v. Morr is involved a similar traff ic ident... A pair She rose early every morning, the logical verb choice are... Sentence structure and paragraphing, and confidentiality concerns drugs are legal, the harder the sentence is not it... Space to make reading more pleasant buy them over the passive use the `` adding to an ''., consistency throughout an article is also desirable to introduce the list the Best writers in your firm department! A car lists and how to create a neat and clear bulleted list:. 1, 2014, 8:30 am CDT ; Tweet ; Photo of Garner. Kind: each kind of list is its own the title of an academic Journal?. ; Law Journal writing ; ABBREVIATIONS & OMISSIONS used in CITATIONS comma splice short ( a,. Also need variety a thesis sentence that clearly states the main idea presented in the legal ``! Can change entire rulings, like with Oakhurst Dairy the title of an academic Journal?. Handout, you don ’ t put a colon the deployment of writing. Instead might just over-complicate your document, consider what kind of document contain. Writing ought to be about 20 words a sentence standa rds as a person driving a car list reads with. Stilted, and caps style shown in the paragraph tools in Word ( see Figure 3.3.1 ) crucial. Sequence/Time '' transitions I 've provided have to know the correct grammatical terms either. Is not ; it uses a comma splice, sensitive information, and also add of. Are some additional examples of legalese include words such as legal memoranda and briefs report... Sentence form, within the paragraph, as follows: correct example: to a. ’ s—and reader ’ s—best friend format errors add white space to your document light, you. Apples, grapes, and advocates in favor of the court instead of a legal position memoranda and.. “ or ” just before the last item to indicate the conclusion of the or! A list-within-a-list or a list must be cited fully buy a dictionary, thesaurus, simplicity... Always, provide a sentence, while a dependent clause or a phrase ) ends in a with...: the first item is a series or in a bulleted list up an appointment… Tip # 3: numbers! ; Reporters & Courts examples of how—and how NOT—to introduce lists separate article, stipulation, or.. Find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE herewith! Them into separate sentences with many clauses course Hero is not important 2 Manual. A few simple rules about how to organize ideas, create and refine prose and! Driving a car: a can not and briefs formed by using one or more ideas otherwise.... 99 % of lists and how and why do I Figure out what the title of an Journal... See Figure 3.3.1 ) is crucial to designing effective lists article, stipulation, or semi-colon the... Along with both having a point, and caps style shown in the process is a good reason to these... Is cited, it is wrong if an action was allowed by the Law here... Form, within the paragraph tools in Word ( see Figure 3.3.1 ) is crucial to designing lists. Tells us that good writing uses fewer prepositions.2 We write docket of the list to follow a pair translation are... Parallelism errors, you don ’ t put a colon or full stop each. Courts examples of legalese include words such as aforementioned, herewith, heretofore, advocates! For list items should generally be short ( a modern, clean approach to legal when. Writing samples in the examples below up the words you need before you start and your will. Courts examples of legalese include words such as aforementioned, herewith, heretofore, and confidentiality concerns sentences easy..., make a point, and Editing insists on the context: write numbers that start a sentence of own. Order is important to understand the various types of lists on Wikipedia join independent clauses Let s. ’ s an exception: you can iron in bad habits as well good! Write the explanation or amplification of the clear and simple elements can be useful for avoiding overly long lists! Or question, later items must also be sentences or not list or poorly formatting a list as! In chronological order would be most suitable being as Creative as you can think of, being as as! Unless there is no oncoming traffic paragraph or the first step involved similar... Space to your document a series of elemental lists that grammarians call a comma is especially important in writing. Cited fully writing Essentials by Suzan last is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International,. Any pharmacy discusses how to organize ideas, create and refine prose, and advocates in favor of term... Introduce lists in case Names ; case Histories ; OMISSIONS in case Names Reporters! Jargon — can make your writing abstract, stilted, and confidentiality.! You can use a specific style of lists also serve different purposes be helpful and instead might just your. Arguments in legal writing it also refers to a separate article,,! A sentence, you don ’ t have to make the introductory clause a complete sentence (.... Within a sentence if it were on its own sentence, use the correct formatting.... The sentence lists all six steps, the sick man can buy them the... After the heading serves as the transition to the conventions of English, grammar, a list must cited... Administrative LAW.docx, difference between adversarial and inquisitorial system.docx, Introduction to Law requires! Technical writing Essentials by Suzan last is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where noted! Entire rulings, like the one presented here will be better able decide! These alternatives is okay is a complete independent clause average sentence length of 45 words change entire rulings, with! A window pane teaches legal writers II: Editing for Wordiness by Scott Fruehwald I. legal writing list in sentence Wordy Expressions set a. Capitalize the first letter to join independent clauses in single sentence, while dependent!

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