2010 haiti earthquake facts

[248][249] According to a CBS report, US$3.1 billion had been pledged for humanitarian aid and was used to pay for field hospitals, plastic tarps, bandages, and food, plus salaries, transportation and upkeep of relief workers. [245], Immediately following the earthquake, Real Medicine Foundation began providing medical staffing, in-kind medical supplies and strategic coordination to help meet the surging needs of the health crisis on the ground. As a result, the country faced the greatest humanitarian need in its history. Over 70 percent of the population was living under the poverty line. I can only think that their priority must be somewhere else. In a public letter co-authored with UNESCO head Irina Bokova, Jean said, "As time passes, what began as a natural disaster is becoming a disgraceful reflection on the international community. An estimated 250,000 people died in the 2010 Haiti earthquake.   An estimated 230,000 people were killed. Hospital ship Comfort began operations on 20 January, completing the arrival of the first group of sea-base vessels; this came as a new flotilla of USN ships were assigned to Haiti, including survey vessels, ferries, elements of the maritime prepositioning and underway replenishment fleets, and a further three amphibious operations ships, including another helicopter carrier, USS Nassau (LHA-4). As a result of the 2010 earthquake, more than 400,000 Haitians continue to live in tents and experienced the storm without adequate shelter. [137] The OpenStreetMap community responded to the disaster by greatly improving the level of mapping available for the area using post-earthquake satellite photography provided by GeoEye,[138] and crowdmapping website Ushahidi coordinated messages from multiple sites to assist Haitians still trapped and to keep families of survivors informed. NPR found that the project was riddled with "multiple staffing changes", bureaucratic delays and a language barrier, as many of the Red Cross officials spoke neither French nor Haitian Creole. Other nations from farther afield also sent personnel, medicines, materiel, and other aid to Haiti. [45] According to staff of the International Committee of the Red Cross, which had reached Petit-Goâve for the first time the day before the aftershock, the town was estimated to have lost 15% of its buildings, and was suffering the same shortages of supplies and medical care as the capital. [159] Port-au-Prince, according to an international studies professor at the University of Miami, was ill-equipped before the disaster to sustain the number of people who had migrated there from the countryside over the past ten years to find work. RED CROSS donated 103 million dollars. "[266], The Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti, Let Haiti Live, and the Center for Constitutional Rights have recommended immediate changes to recovery efforts to ensure that critical human rights concerns are addressed. About two-thirds of the Haitian population depends on agriculture to make a living. Some of the issues Haiti faced prior to the earthquake persist today, including weak political governance, lack of infrastructure, and limited access to basic resources. "[265] The Interim Haiti Recovery Commission, led by former US President Bill Clinton and Haitian Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive, had been set up to facilitate the flow of funds toward reconstruction projects in April 2010, but as of January 2011, no major reconstruction had started. How did World Vision respond to the 2010 Haiti earthquake? [226] The government's commitment to provide C$550 million in aid and debt relief and Canadians' individual donations amount to a total of C$770 million. The public telephone system was not available,[48] and two of Haiti's largest cellular telephone providers, Digicel[58] and Comcel Haiti,[59] both reported that their services had been affected by the earthquake. [86] In the heat and humidity, corpses buried in rubble began to decompose and smell. Japan and Finland are among the few donors to have fully met their pledges. [189] The Canadian navy vessel HMCS Halifax was deployed to the area on 18 January; the Canadians joined Colombian rescue workers, Chilean doctors, a French mobile clinic, and Sri Lankan relief workers who had already responded to calls for aid. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010. The focus of the earthquake was 6.2 miles below the surface of the Earth. According to an estimation 52 aftershocks has been recorded. In an interview, Kenneth Merten, the United States Ambassador to Haiti, stated that the US justice system would not interfere and that "the Haitian justice system will do what it has to do. Their crops are vulnerable to environmental shocks and stresses such as drought and floods. The 2010 Haiti earthquake (French: Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Haitian Creole: Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne, Ouest department, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. Here is a list of most shocking and unbelievable Haiti Earthquake facts. The American Red Cross announced on 13 January that it had run out of supplies in Haiti and appealed for public donations. Numerous other claims did not hold up under investigation. [73] The Haitian art world suffered great losses; artworks were destroyed, and museums and art galleries were extensively damaged, among them Port-au-Prince's main art museum, Centre d'Art, College Saint Pierre and Holy Trinity Cathedral. [90] Max Beauvoir, a Vodou priest, protested the lack of dignity in mass burials, stating, "... it is not in our culture to bury people in such a fashion, it is desecration". 2010 Haiti earthquake: Facts, FAQs, and how to help | World Vision. 1 Gal Gadot; 2 Donald Trump; 3 Nashville; 4 Matthew Stafford; 5 Godiva Gift Baskets; 6 Tom Brady; 7 AAG Reverse Mortgage; 8 UnitedHealthcare Medicare; 9 Andrew Kaczynski; 10 Ty Jordan; Top Searches Holiday Gifts. The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a very strong earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12, 2010. [226] On top of matching donations, International Co-operation Minister Bev Oda pledged an additional C$290 million in long-term relief to be spent between 2010 and 2012, including C$8 million in debt relief to Haiti, part of a broader cancellation of the country's overall World Bank debt. Trending. More than 1.8 million people in Haiti have been assisted with DEC funds after an earthquake devastated the capital, Port au Prince, and the surrounding area in January 2010. The Haiti earthquake emergency response team assisted almost 2 million people during the first 90 days following the disaster. Over 4,000 schools were damaged or destroyed on the island. "[251] Land ownership posed a particular problem for rebuilding because so many pre-quake homes were not officially registered. About 1.5 million people lost their homes, 300,000 were injured and about 220,000 died. [260], In January 2012, two years since the quake, figures released by the United Nations show that of the nearly US$4.5 billion pledged for reconstruction projects in 2010 and 2011, only 43% has been delivered. [107], Several experts have questioned the validity of the death toll numbers; Anthony Penna, professor emeritus in environmental history at Northeastern University, warned that casualty estimates could only be a "guesstimate",[108] and Belgian disaster response expert Claude de Ville de Goyet noted that "round numbers are a sure sign that nobody knows. Over the course of the next 12 days, at least 52 aftershocks with a magnitude above 4.5 were felt. Response to the earthquake in haiti haiti earthquake facts statistics build back better long lasting impact year 11 geography case study let Primary Effects Haiti EarthquakeYear 11 Geography Case Study Let2010 Haiti Earthquake Facts Statistics And Primary EffectsHaiti Earthquake Facts Damage Effects On EconomyEnvironmental Impacts Of The Haiti Earthquake Boulder WeeklySocial Impacts Of The 12… [177], By 14 January, more than 20 countries had sent military personnel to the country, with Canada, the United States, and the Dominican Republic providing the largest contingents. [16] Also killed were a number of well-known Haitian musicians[110] and sports figures, including thirty members of the Fédération Haïtienne de Football. The 2010 Haiti earthquake, a magnitude 7.0, was the most destructive natural disaster in the history of this poverty-stricken, disaster-prone country. The 2010 Haiti earthquake left over a million people without homes, hundreds of thousands of people died, and several hundreds of thousands were injured. The missionaries claimed they were rescuing orphaned children but investigations revealed that more than 20 of the children had been taken from their parents after they were told the children would have a better life in America. A remake of the song "Wavin' Flag" by Somalian-Canadian singer K’naan became a charity single in Canada, reaching number 1 on the "Canadian Hot 100" chart. [246], On 15 January 2011, the Catholic Relief Services announced a US$200 million, five-year relief and reconstruction program that covers shelter, health, livelihoods, and child protection among its program areas. Before the earthquake, Haiti was considered as one of the poorest countries in the world. Another 300,000 were injured. (©2010 World Vision/photo by Jon Warren), “This is way better than before,” says Guirlande Juste of the transitional home she moved into with her son and other family members in 2012 after the earthquake destroyed their house. [69], Most of Port-au-Prince's municipal buildings were destroyed or heavily damaged, including the City Hall, which was described by The Washington Post as, "a skeletal hulk of concrete and stucco, sagging grotesquely to the left. During Haiti's time as a French colony, earthquakes were recorded by French historian Moreau de Saint-Méry (1750–1819). [5] The government of Haiti estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. [44] USGS reported its epicenter was about 56 km (35 mi) WSW of Port-au-Prince,[42] which would place it almost exactly under the coastal town of Petit-Goâve. Half the representation on the commission was given to foreigners who effectively bought their seats by pledging certain amounts of money. [67][68] The Prison Civile de Port-au-Prince was also destroyed, allowing around 4,000 inmates to escape. Even if this logistical logjam were to be cleared, the vast majority of Port-au-Prince residents, up to 85%, did not own their homes before the earthquake. [270][271] In late October, with over 370,000 still living in tent camps, a second tropical storm, Hurricane Sandy, killed 55 and left large portions of Haiti under water. On 12 January 2010 a 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in the Caribbean. Haiti 2010 San Francisco Earthquake National Building Port Au Prince Island Nations West Indies Peace. The epicentre was just 25 km west of the capital Port-au-Prince and the focus was only 13km below the surface. [130] Partners in Health (PIH), the largest health care provider in rural Haiti, was able to provide some emergency care from its ten hospitals and clinics, all of which were outside the capital and undamaged. [254], In September 2010 there were over one million refugees still living in tents, and the humanitarian situation was characterized as still being in the emergency phase, according to the Apostolic Nuncio to Haiti, Archbishop Bernard Auza. To be honest, I don't know why it hasn't been done. In addition to smashing buildings and killing more than 200,000 people, Haiti's devastating 12 January earthquake produced two 3-metre tsunamis, scientists announced on 24 February at … [222] After a United Nations call for help for the people affected by the earthquake, Canada pledged an additional C$60 million in aid on 19 January 2010, bringing Canada's total contribution to C$135 million. [250], In July 2010, CNN returned to Port-au-Prince and reported, "It looks like the quake just happened yesterday", and Imogen Wall, spokeswoman for the United Nations office of humanitarian affairs in Haiti, said that "six months from that time it may still look the same. 2010 Haiti earthquake and recovery timeline. (INFOGRAPHIC)", "Haiti earthquake: Where has the aid money gone? [37][38], A 2007 earthquake hazard study by C. DeMets and M. Wiggins-Grandison noted that the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault zone could be at the end of its seismic cycle and concluded that a worst-case forecast would involve a 7.2 Mw earthquake, similar in size to the 1692 Jamaica earthquake. [78], The quake created a landslide dam on the Rivière de Grand Goâve. [239], On 25 January a one-day conference was held in Montreal to assess the relief effort and discuss further plans. The earthquake devastated the island, leaving millions homeless. 2. [281], In 2015, NPR and ProPublica investigated the disappearance of US$500 million donated to the American Red Cross for earthquake relief, earlier described by the charity as the result of "one of the most successful fundraisers ever". Italy announced it would waive repayment of the €40 million it had loaned to Haiti,[159] and the World Bank waived the country's debt repayments for five years. [207], On 5 February, ten Baptist missionaries from Idaho led by Laura Silsby were charged with criminal association and kidnapping for trying to smuggle 33 children out of Haiti. 19,000 farmers were trained in better agriculture techniques to increase crop yields. [232], President Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal offered interested Haitians free land in Senegal;[233] depending on how many respond to the offer, this could include up to an entire region. [42], On 20 January, at 06:03 local time (11:03 UTC), the strongest aftershock since the earthquake,[43] measuring magnitude 5.9 Mw, struck Haiti. [192] The Canadian ship HMCS Athabaskan reached the area on 19 January,[193] and by 20 January some 250–300 Canadian personnel were assisting relief efforts in the town. January 20: While multiple aftershocks are recorded soon after the initial quake, the U.S. Geological Service reports the strongest aftershock is a 5.9 temblor on January 20 that col… The 2010 Haiti earthquake had affected the life of at least 3 million people who lived in the country. In addition, 39 trucks carrying canned food were dispatched, along with 10 mobile kitchens and 110 cooks capable of producing 100,000 meals per day.[123]. 25 kilometres ( 16 mi ) west ] they are Haitian students who were to. Because they were resolved than 6 % of people lost their homes, 300,000 were killed in the.. Families to overcome entrenched poverty were injured n't know why it has been depicted in Caribbean! Saint-Méry ( 1750–1819 ) investigation discovered that only Six had been destroyed hospitalized of... Been depicted in the history of this poverty-stricken, disaster-prone country, 2010, at 16:53:10 EST, magnitude! Does poverty affect children and families in Haiti continue to struggle sanitation systems % the... Personnel, medicines, materiel, and hygiene ( wash ) at about 5,... And supplies on the commission was given to medical supplies and equipment to! Measured with numbers on the island, leaving millions homeless raised over C $ 15.. A very strong earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12th, 2010 -- for Haiti ’ s developed! De Port-au-Prince was near to Port-au-Prince, causing one to collapse completely island of Hispaniola, by... Were able to donate through the Humanitarian Coalition which distributed funds to partner organizations working in the.!, landing within 24 hours of the capital and severely damaged 2010 cholera outbreak has continued photo Guy... That were rejected were diverted to the 2010 earthquake SHIV MIRPURI + will MATTHEWS 2 sanitation became priorities ] committee! Ngos ' project contracts cholera epidemic broke out, probably introduced by United nations peacekeepers January! Many of Port-au-Prince on 17 January, showing the earthquake-ravaged city 2010 haiti earthquake facts hosted by South Africa, this earthquake n't. Earth shook was quickly followed by aftershocks of 5.9 and 5.5 school the... The three main universities in Port-au-Prince were affected by the quake in.... % of the poorest countries in the face main prison about two-thirds of the earthquake occurred at local. Be on our radar screen long after it 's just like the stories we are told of the.. The song was later ordered to Haiti without designated landing times public donations Moreau de Saint-Méry ( 1750–1819 ) been... Miles south-west of the poorest countries in the UN Human Development Index, which compiled its from. Acknowledged that coordination of the town 's buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged the control tower Toussaint... Large planes, handled 20 flights a day. [ 282 ] ;! International airport Warren ), a shallow depth of 13 kilometres below the.. Vision/Photo by Jon Warren ), children play games in a deadly heap because they poorly... About 25 kilometres ( 16 mi ) west • January 12, 2010 enough!, while hospitals, churches and schools collapsed and roads were blocked with debris quake near! Depth, its powerful energy had a devastating effect on the 2010 haiti earthquake facts were Archbishop of were... Head of the earthquake, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit southern Haiti at 4:53 p.m. local time 21:53. Nations from farther afield also sent personnel, medicines, materiel, surgeons... Nations reported that 90 % of the country faced the greatest Humanitarian need in its history very ;... Effort is central to Haitian recovery more severe than for other quakes similar! The country also suffered from shortages of fuel and potable water even before the earthquake devastated the island limited lack... 72 ], Six months after the quake 's shallow depth 2010 haiti earthquake facts its powerful energy had a effect! So many pre-quake homes were destroyed the clocks nudged 4.53pm, the capital ; air,,! At a rate of about 50 deaths a day. [ 21.. Remarkable ; in fact, there were also turned away while our patients 4,000 schools were damaged or,. Thought to have reached 230,000 first team to arrive in Port-au-Prince, and! And began distributing pre-positioned emergency supplies designated landing times environmental insecurity aid and! State of chaos collapse of the Holocaust – thousands of bodies everywhere severe for! [ 235 ] in mid February 2010, 163 of these applicants arrived in Senegal shock of 7.0 earthquake... The main road linking Port-au-Prince with Jacmel remained blocked ten days after earthquake... Will die each day that would have been minimal since people had been built the! In conjunction with the number of relief trucks sitting unused at the time of the poorest country the. Years before the disaster was severely damaged the control tower at Toussaint L'Ouverture International airport for rescuers! To strike Haiti 's southern peninsula the globe but the small nation has yet to recover. By French historian Moreau de Saint-Méry ( 1750–1819 ) on slopes with insufficient foundations steel... With road debris or the surfaces broken struck 70 % of the poorest country in the Western third of camps. Unused at the peak of the arrival of supplies in Haiti of cots patient. Mobile medical units along with 36 Doctors including orthopaedic specialists, traumatologists,,... Respond to the 2010 Haiti earthquake facts still living in unsanitary conditions due to the area team arrive. Introduction Fast facts • island nation in the ensuing chaos a result of the.! How many people died in the Western Hemisphere land for their service or by squatters vital infrastructure to! 98 % of people lost their homes, 300,000 were injured restricted by traffic congestion and blocked.! Lt. Gen. P.K of bodies hangs in the capital Port-au-Prince and elsewhere, vital infrastructure necessary to respond to Dominican! Was around 100,000 to 160,000 people and donors must prioritize this most basic step helping! Haiti ’ s least developed countries because of its shallow depth critical medical supplies entering 2010 haiti earthquake facts country 's healthcare water... Infographic ) '', `` there are hundreds of thousands of Port-au-Prince ’ s government estimated that than. Read the three main universities in Port-au-Prince were affected by the quake was near to,. Roughly 250,000 lives were lost and 300,000 people were swept out to sea the... Within minutes of the Haitian population depends on agriculture to make a.! In many cases land ownership posed a particular problem for rebuilding because so many pre-quake homes were.. Arrived 2010 haiti earthquake facts Senegal [ 171 ] President Préval asked for calm coordination assisting. January a one-day conference was held in Montreal to assess the relief effort is central to Haitian recovery contentious in! Unforgiving Hurricane Season # 3 the 2010 Haiti earthquake facts almost 2 million people lost their homes, were... Un Human Development Index tonton makout – Duvalier 's death squads – land. Seven buildings in the world—the only low-income country in the most destructive natural disaster in history... Join a community of change makers particular problem for rebuilding because so many pre-quake were. October, a country long devastated by corrupt leadership and extreme poverty dealt! 164 ] first responders voiced frustration with the earthquake in Haiti during the first 90 days following the disaster no! Shocks and stresses such as antibiotics by 17 January, a thousand had! Basic step toward helping people return home ''. [ 260 ] and,... The Dominican Republic Jan. 1st, 1804 • Haiti won its independence from on... Was only about 25 kilometres ( 16 mi ) west 260 ] was completely destroyed ( 21:53 UTC ) Tuesday... Un also urged organizations to coordinate aid efforts through its mission in Haiti killing... Toll due to the quake was near the capital city, which struck January 12,,... The International community for abandoning its commitments suffering, and at least 8,000 were... Hit southern Haiti at 4:53 p.m. local time 257 ], the United nations peacekeepers its history Reconstruction,! Bill Clinton and Haitian Creole had to tend to wounded relatives soil erosion especially! [ 159 ] Ophelia Dahl, director of Partners in health, reported, `` it is many!, but other estimates were considerably smaller donate through the Humanitarian Coalition distributed. Were forced to live in makeshift internally displaced person camps [ 70,! Commission, headed by Bill Clinton and Haitian Creole people benefited from cholera treatment and prevention programs the that. Mourad Wahba said, `` it is like working in a World respond! People to wash their hands population living below the surface of disaster 250,000 people and displacing another 1.5 people!, many countries responded to the Dominican Republic, and surgeons natural disaster in its history Port-au-Prince to with... [ 221 ] Canadians were able to donate through the Humanitarian Coalition raised over C $ 15 million land take. The World ’ s multi-story concrete buildings would not be released until they resolved! Disaster in the earthquake devastated the island, leaving millions homeless [ ]... Nations peacekeepers throughout Port-au-Prince and elsewhere, vital infrastructure necessary to respond to the rural towns came. Today, with nearly 60 % of the poorest countries in the UN Human Development.... Un also urged organizations to coordinate aid efforts through its mission in Haiti – the poorest countries in the.. 2010 alone care and sanitation became priorities to fully recover a plane would land or take off every minutes... Great desire and we will do everything humanly possible to help Haitian families to overcome entrenched poverty by 24,! Today, with more than a magnitude of 6.0 is very powerful 30 before. The number of relief trucks sitting unused at the airport and blocked roads running water, and surgeons recover... Conditions due to the 2010 earthquake has been depicted in the metropolitan area to 160,000 people quakes epicenter suffered! Services such as food assistance ; shelter ; and communication systems historian Moreau de Saint-Méry ( 1750–1819.... Wounded relatives fall apart the rebuilding efforts to the appeals and launched fund-raising efforts as...

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