death penalty in myanmar

A/62/439/Add.2, Dec. 5, 2007. 23, 2007 (discussing negotiations for the end of hostilities between the junta and the Karenni and Chin resistance groups); U.N.G.A., Human Rights Council, Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar, generally, U.N. Doc. 20, No. 464, Jul. 45 of 1860, May 1, 1861. Shan State is home to several armed ethnic groups who are allowed unofficial autonomy in an uneasy agreement with Myanmar military. [22], Drug Possession.Drug possession is presumed to be in the course of trafficking if scheduled quantities of drugs are found; drug trafficking carries the mandatory death penalty if the offender is a recidivist, part of a criminal organization, uses arms or explosives, uses children under the age of 16 or uses the influence of a public servant in carrying out the offense. 121-122, No. 1 of 1993. of State, 2009 Human Rights Report: Burma, Denial of Fair Public Trial, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/eap/135987.htm, Mar. [7] Myanmar Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Law, arts. 31, 2004. 414, Dec. 15, 1989, http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-12&chapter=4&lang=en, last accessed Oct. 12, 2010. [6] Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2008. VII, No. [1] Burma Penal Code, art. View selected causes of death and population dynamics for Myanmar including Life Expectancy by age and history, age adjusted death rates and world rankings for the top 50 causes and total deaths by cause. 28, 2010. The 2008 constitution, which will be effective upon the next election (projected for November 2010), [16] provides for appellate review of Constitutional questions by the Supreme Court and for the ultimate jurisdiction of the Constitutional Tribunal on constitutional questions. 302, No. 45 of 1860, May 1, 1861. 171, Dec. 16, 1966, http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-4&chapter=4&lang=en, last accessed Oct. 12, 2010. 31, 2015. 20, 22, No. [3] All offenders in a gang robbery, where one of the robbers commits murder, are punishable by death. [23] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions in 2009, ACT 50/001/2010, Mar. During this time, the court hearings generated controversy after supporters for the defendants attended court and implicitly threatened the judges. They are the two Burmese laborers Guo Zuolin and Guo Wen Zuotun who were sentenced to death in Thailand for suspected turtle island murder. [15] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions 2017, p. 18, ACT 50/7955/2018, Apr. A/HRC/13/48, Mar. 30, 2010. A/71/484/Add.2, Dec. 6, 2016. [3] Myanmar Principles Laid Down to Serve as Bases in Prescribing State Fundamental Principles, National Convention, art. [23] Myanmar Judiciary Law, art. [18] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions in 2014, ACT 50/001/2015, Mar. [2] The U.N. Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, reported in 2010 that in Insein Prison (and other locations) extortion by prison staff and inadequate water and food rations were problems and that prisoners held hunger strikes in protest of inadequate medical care and a lack of reading and writing materials. consultative status, p. 2-3, U.N. Doc. [2] Status, Declarations, and Reservations, ICCPR, 999 U.N.T.S. 26, 2010 (note the concerns expressed related to state terror against ethnic minorities and the nonexistence of an impartial judiciary); U.N.G.A., Human Rights Council, Progress report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, generally, p. 13-17, U.N. Doc. It is possible that some information could be available through organizations such as the Burma Lawyers’ Council. A/73/589/Add.2, Dec. 4, 2018. [14] U.N.G.A., 63rd Session, Note Verbale dated 10 February 2009, U.N. Doc. human rights in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, paras. Stay up to date and learn about key human rights issues in Myanmar. Amnesty International reported that in 2009 a child soldier was sentenced to death for the murder of another child soldier in Myanmar. The court case took two long years. By AUNG NAING SOE May 21, 2019 GMT. 10, 2019. After the 1962 military coup, a lot of opposition members were sentenced to death and hanged, including members of ethnic insurgent groups. [5] Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, art. 121, 122, No. [12] Burma Penal Code, art. (These may be observations about those charged with political offenses; reportedly, those charged with ordinary offenses may be treated differently. An ethnic Shan armed group that unofficially controls a swathe of Shan State in northeastern Myanmar has sentenced a man to death for the kidnap, rape and murder of a six-year-old girl. On Nov 18 of 2016 a 38-year-old Nigerian man by the name of Chijoke Stephen Obioha was hung. [27] We do not know whether executions are stayed if the individual becomes insane after sentencing. [21] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions in 2011, ACT 50/001/2012, http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ACT50/001/2012/en, Mar. [1] The current status of Myanmar’s constitution is unclear—the 2008 Constitution does not go into effect until elections scheduled for 2010. He was executed a few months later. [13] Burma Penal Code, art. 11, 2010. 11, 2017. It is certainly true that in 2014 President Thein Sein commuted all of the country’s death sentences to life imprisonment. 30, 2010. [2] The 1947 Constitution contained no direct protection of the right to life; the 1974 junta-imposed Constitution also contained no such protection. The death penalty has long been a feature of the legal landscape in Myanmar. Mentally Ill.Nothing is an offense when done by a person who because of unsoundness of mind is incapable of knowing the nature of the act or its wrongness or criminality at the time it is done. [5] Myanmar Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Law, art. The discussions also noted that although the death penalty is imposed in Myanmar according to law, no execution has been carried out since 1988. [5] Status, Declarations, and Reservations, Second Optional Prot. Celebrities who have given up social media. Most of the prisoners on death row were convicted of crimes such as murder, rape and obstruction of justice by destroying evidence, the report stated. 1 of 1993. A/62/658, Feb. 2, 2008. [24] Amnesty Intl., Death Penalty: Countries Abolitionist in Practice, http://www.amnesty.org/en/death-penalty/countries-abolitionist-in-practice, last accessed Oct. 11, 2010. Exact data on the number of persons on death row in Myanmar is unavailable. (According to our research, over the recent past treason is the crime for which death sentences are usually pronounced in Myanmar. Published daily by the A/62/658, Feb. 2, 2008. The Department notes that no official census has occurred in Myanmar since 1983; it is somewhat likely that the Department is making a estimation based on the U.N.’s population growth projection for Myanmar. 414, Dec. 15, 1989, http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-12&chapter=4&lang=en, last accessed Oct. 12, 2010. 16-17, U.N. Doc. [15] Myanmar’s courts do not currently generate independent jurisprudence. Ko Ni’s assassination two years ago, on 29 January 2017, was a horrendous shock and has had a chilling effect on efforts for constitutional reform. [8], Reportedly, attorneys of defendants facing common criminal charges (such as for murder) are given an opportunity to prepare a defense and access government evidence; the relevance of quality legal representation in political cases is usually limited to sentencing, as guilt is pre-determined. The new policy introduces a human rights-based approach to drug control and recommends considering the repeal of the death penalty for drug offenses. In Central and South America, the death penalty exists in Belize and Guyana, though it has not been used in years. [21]. 30, 2010. 54-71 U.N. Doc. 15, 2008. 20, 22-23, No. [7] Myanmar Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Law, art. 45 of 1860, May 1, 1861. It is a small step to legitimise this status by removing the death penalty from the legal code, thus greatly promoting the observance of human rights in this onetime pariah state. 1988 Year of Last Known Execution . 54-71 U.N. Doc. CTN News. to the ICCPR, 999 U.N.T.S. An official from the Shan State Progress Party said Wednesday the death penalty was “the only option” for the 30-year-old, who assaulted the girl before throwing her body off a cliff. 5 of 2005. The state has used the death penalty against political opponents, including democratic actors, members of ethnic armed groups or insurgencies, and students. 132, No. [10] U.S. Dept. 3, Jul. Despite being a majority Buddhist country, Myanmar’s legal system endorses the death penalty for certain offences. [26] Insane individuals cannot stand trial. [6], In 1993, Myanmar expanded the death penalty to apply to drug trafficking; [7] in 2005, it expanded the death penalty to apply to human trafficking. “I support the death penalty for child rape. The ineffectiveness of the death penalty as a deterrent against murder was highlighted. At least nine, but very likely significantly more. [5] Amnesty Intl., Myanmar—The Administration of Justice: Grave and Abiding Concerns, p. 20, ASA 16/001/2004, Mar. [1] Status, Declarations, and Reservations, ICCPR, 999 U.N.T.S. [3]. [6] Myanmar Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Law, arts. A/62/PV.76, Dec. 18, 2007. [11] Amnesty Intl., Myanmar—The Administration of Justice: Grave and Abiding Concerns, p. 17-25, ASA 16/001/2004, Mar. [3] Burma Penal Code, art. 31, 2004; ECPM, La peine de mort dans le monde—La peine de mort : Myanmar (Birmanie), http://www.abolition.fr/ecpm/french/fiche-pays.php?pays=MMR, last accessed Oct. 12, 2010; Burma Penal Code, arts. Comments.In February 2018, the government of Myanmar released a new National Drug Control Policy incorporating international best practices outlined in the 2016 Outcome Document of the UN General Assembly Special Session on Drugs. 22-23, No. Since his death, four people were put on trial for his murder and also for the death of a taxi driver who ran after the gunman. [25] Burma Code of Criminal Procedure, art. [10], Treason.High Treason is punishable by death. In political cases (such as treason), this right is probably infrequently respected or of no relevance because the issue of guilt is pre-determined. [7] U.S. Dept. An accessible version of the Death Penalty Worldwide Database will be available from February. The state has used the death penalty against political opponents, including democratic actors, members of ethnic armed groups or insurgencies, and students. [7] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions in 2015, p. 36, ACT 50/3487/2016, Apr. Reportedly, no one has been executed since the 1980s. [8] Myanmar Anti Human Trafficking Law, art. [13] Amnesty Intl., Death Penalty: Countries Abolitionist in Practice, http://www.amnesty.org/en/death-penalty/countries-abolitionist-in-practice, last accessed Oct. 11, 2010; ECPM, La peine de mort dans le monde—La peine de mort : Myanmar (Birmanie), http://www.abolition.fr/ecpm/french/fiche-pays.php?pays=MMR, last accessed Oct. 12, 2010; Amnesty Intl., Myanmar—The Administration of Justice: Grave and Abiding Concerns, p. 20, ASA 16/001/2004, Mar. Our research also suggests that the situation of the junta and the insurgency in Myanmar is ambiguous. [22] U.S. Dept. His death and the court case against some of his killers is a reminder of the death penalty paradox in Myanmar. Lowy Institute. It was also used throughout the colonial era. [19] We checked the Burma Penal Code of 1860/61 and the Burma Code of Criminal Procedure of 1898, as amended. The death penalty would further enhance the culture of violence, impunity and death we are now experiencing. The Interpreter features in-depth analysis & 15, 1991, http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-11&chapter=4&lang=en, last accessed Oct. 12, 2010. A/65/779, Mar. 45 of 1860, May 1, 1861. [16] U.N.G.A., 67th Session, 60th Plenary Meeting, pp. [3] U.N.G.A., Human Rights Council, Progress report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of [31]. The death penalty has not been carried out in Myanmar for decades, and Phyo Htet Aung’s fate may ultimately be decided on appeal, if one is filed, and by prison regulations, The Irrawaddy said. [14] The Anti Trafficking in Persons Law, arts. A/67/PV.60, Dec. 20, 2012. 5 of 2000. [6], Drug Possession.Possession is presumed to be in the course of trafficking if the offender possesses scheduled quantities of drugs. 16-17, U.N. Doc. U Ko Ni’s death had a chilling effect on democratisation, and capital punishment for his killers won’t undo the damage. 12, 2018. of State, 2009 Human Rights Report: Burma, Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/eap/135987.htm, Mar. [3] The condition of Myanmar’s constitution is now somewhat, though not wholly, improved. Stay up to date and learn about key human rights issues in Myanmar . [16] Amnesty International, Death sentences and executions in 2016, ACT 50/5740/2017, Apr. [3] Amnesty Intl., Death Penalty: Countries Abolitionist in Practice, http://www.amnesty.org/en/death-penalty/countries-abolitionist-in-practice, last accessed Oct. 11, 2010. By. Amnesty International observes that pre-trial detention is marked by torture and denial of access to attorneys; individuals may be charged and tried on the same day for a serious offense, denying counsel adequate time to prepare a defense; that trials are often perfunctory; that courts make use of evidence obtained by torture; that trials are conducted in secret; and that courts are not independent. 29, 2015. [15] U.N.G.A., 67th Session, Promotion and Protection of Human Rights: human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms, paras. [4] This right may be weakened by Article 382 of the Constitution, which allows legislation to strip away fundamental rights under certain circumstances. [22] Myanmar Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Law, arts. 1 of 1993. The Department, unlike the Encyclopedia, does not recognize Myanmar’s U.N.-recognized name. [20] Burma Penal Code, art. [4], We have found no reports specifically documenting the racial or ethnic composition of death row. Critics of the death penalty are often told that Myanmar had not actually carried out the death penalty for many years. 73rd session, 55th plenary meeting, p. 32, U.N. Doc. 11, 2010. A/RES/64/238, Mar. [5], The 2008 Constitution does not make reference to obligations under international law. 1 of 1993. [1]. [30] U.N. CRC, Committee on the Rights of the Child, Concluding observations: Myanmar, para. Lowy Institute. [29] Status, Declarations, and Reservations, Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1577 U.N.T.S. YANGON, Myanmar — A court in Myanmar on Tuesday formally charged an American man and two local co-workers with violating drug laws concerning … Myanmar’s troops frequently clash with ethnic rebel groups in Shan. [9], Mainly, death sentences over the past decade have been pronounced for political crimes, many of which have been non-violent or even non-criminal exercises of free speech. The president has the power to pardon the death sentence, which he later did. of State, 2009 Human Rights Report: Burma, Denial of Fair Public Trial, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/eap/135987.htm, Mar. A/HRC/13/L.15, Mar. Two men have been sentenced to death in Myanmar for the murder of a Muslim lawyer, Ko Ni, in broad daylight at Yangon International Airport in January 2017. [15] U.N.G.A., Human Rights Council, Written statement submitted by the Asian Legal Resource 0 Number of Executions in . 121-122, No. [4] During the course of 2014, Myanmar courts imposed at least one new death sentence. There have also been reports of tribunals of the Kachin Independence Organisation in the Wa Region handing down the death penalty. 45 of 1860, May 1, 1861. [9] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions in 2017, p. 18, ACT 50/7955/2018, Apr. Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organization in general consultative status, generally, U.N. Doc. [11] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions in 2018, p. 19, ACT 50/9870/2019, Apr. Myanmar is not a party to the ICCPR, so the Human Rights Committee does not issue concluding observations or adjudicate on petitions regarding Myanmar. [24] U.S. Dept. [3] Status, Declarations, and Reservations, Optional Prot. Is this indicative of a wider trend? Unsure. A/63/PV.70, Dec. 18, 2008. According to a 2017 report by the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, 709 prisoners in 26 prisons across the country have had death sentences commuted to life imprisonment. [16] Amnesty Intl., Myanmar—The Administration of Justice: Grave and Abiding Concerns, p. 20-25, ASA 16/001/2004, Mar. There have also been attempts to expand the range of offences that may attract the death penalty, such as for child rape, although proposals have so far failed. [1] U.S. Dept. Often, the only clear factor in prosecution for a political offense is the accused person’s personal association with a disfavored group. [20] In the 2008 Constitution, this power is retained by the President, who may grant a pardon or, in accordance with the recommendations of the National Defense and Security Council, grant an amnesty. Even during the … [21], Drug Trafficking Not Resulting in Death.Drug trafficking, import or export, facilitation of same, or production of drugs carries the mandatory death penalty if the offender is a recidivist, part of a criminal organization, uses arms or explosives, uses children under the age of 16 or uses the influence of a public servant in carrying out the offense. 194, No. [26] Amnesty Intl., Death Penalty: Countries Abolitionist in Practice, http://www.amnesty.org/en/death-penalty/countries-abolitionist-in-practice, last accessed Oct. 11, 2010; ECPM, La peine de mort dans le monde—La peine de mort : Myanmar (Birmanie), http://www.abolition.fr/ecpm/french/fiche-pays.php?pays=MMR, last accessed Oct. 12, 2010. His death had a chilling effect on lawyers and broader civil society movements who support efforts at constitutional change. please contact. 18-19, U.N. Doc. Both the illegal junta and insurgent forces are reported to fund operations through the drug trade, both are reported to use forced civilian labor and child soldiers; the junta engages in oppression and state terrorism against its population, while insurgent forces reportedly engage in terrorist attacks that kill innocent civilians. The death penalty has long been a feature of the legal landscape in Myanmar. SUBSCRIBE THAILAND Unclear. Every year, Amnesty International evaluates the human rights situation in countries around the world. A/69/993, Jul. 295, 322-324, Ch. [5] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions in 2014, ACT 50/001/2015, Mar. 20, 22-23, No. Lowy Institute, © Copyright 2021 45 of 1860, May 1, 1861. [7], We do not know whether lawyers are available for indigent prisoners on appeal; a report by the U.S. Department of State suggests that if any such right is respected, the right is limited in political cases (such as treason). A rebel ethnic minority group that unofficially controls a swathe of eastern Myanmar has sentenced a man to death for the kidnap, rape and murder of a six-year-old girl. [9] In April 2018, President Win Myint commuted the sentences of at least two people on death row. 302, No. of State, Background Note: Burma, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35910.htm, Jul. 1, 1898. To see the difference between the statutory crime of high treason and the facts on which defendants have been convicted, compare Amnesty’s Myanmar—The Administration of justice…, p. 20-25, to the Burma Penal Code, arts. GlobalSecurity.org, Burma Insurgency, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/burma.htm, last accessed Oct. 13, 2010 (discussing the general situation, including terrorism and totalitarian rule and suppression of free and fair election results, as well as prosecutions for treason); Jacob Baynham, Burma's largest rebel army battles increase in opium production, http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/01/15/MNT3U393N.DTL, Jan. 15, 2010; Shan Herald, Shan Rebel Leader Warns Burma Army, http://www.shanland.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3014, Apr. 11, 2010. It is worth noting, however, that the junta in Myanmar carries out a policy of ethnic oppression; ethnic Rohingyas, Shan, Karen, Karenni and other groups that have historically sought a higher level of autonomy from the Myanmar majority are persecuted. A/65/PV.71, Dec. 21, 2010. [12], Other Offenses Not Resulting in Death.- Assault by a person under a life sentence, causing harm, and also assault with the intention to murder, causing only harm, is punishable by death. Death penalty possible in Myanmar cannabis farm case. We did not find reports on the nationalities of foreigners held on death row. [25]. In addition to the state-sanctioned legal system, there is evidence that the death penalty has recently been issued or carried out in non-state trials. [31] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions in 2009, p. 8, ACT 50/001/2010, Mar. Our reading of the law is that only the District Court or the State or Divisional Court may initially try a capital case and pronounce a death sentence; whereupon the Supreme Court must confirm the death sentence or uphold an appeal against it. expert commentary on the latest international Individuals who run afoul of the junta’s interests may face capital charges for high treason and are, in practice, stripped of any meaningful safeguards against arbitrary deprivation of life by the junta. around the world. 171, Dec. 16, 1966, http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-5&chapter=4&lang=en, last accessed Oct. 12, 2010. An official from the Shan State Progress Party said Wednesday the death penalty was “the only option” for the 30-year-old, who assaulted the girl before throwing her body off a cliff. Although the death penalty has reportedly not been applied since the 1980s, [17] the statutory language for certain offenses mandates the death penalty, [18] and we did not find any universal provisions that permit courts to exercise discretion in such cases. , are punishable by death a National Law specifically prohibiting the execution of an innocent defendant is punishable death. Oct. 11, Sep. 16, 1993 ; Myanmar Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles, Convention... Could be mandatory under some circumstances s legal system endorses the death penalty for certain offences commutations incomplete... Approach to Drug control and recommends considering the repeal of the Union of Myanmar, President grants general Amnesty 8,541! President Win Myint commuted the Sentences of at least four years imprisonment in the Region! Of a perceived threat to the junta ’ s legal system endorses the death penalty paradox Myanmar. Latest commentary and analysis on International events from experts at the Lowy and... Successful mutiny is punishable by death Kachin Independence Organisation in the course of 2014, President grants general Amnesty 8,541! 11 January 2008, U.N. Doc now be in effect death penalty in myanmar planned because the November 7, ACT,! Kidnap, rape and murder of a perceived threat to the Convention on the Rights of the death penalty 1642!, Abolitionist de facto Abolitionist country ; there has not been served ] Website at http: //www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/eap/135987.htm,.. Data on the nationalities of foreigners held on death row the Union Myanmar. Quantities of drugs 5, ACT 50/7955/2018, Apr 2014, ACT 50/3487/2016, Apr 63rd... And are having trouble accessing information on this Website or need materials an... Interested individual might obtain judicial decisions CRC, Committee on the Rights of the death penalty: Countries in. Informed with the above two prisoners Second Optional Prot on the list death penalty in myanmar in! Expanded death penalty in myanmar scope of the Union of Myanmar ’ s power Executions death! July 2015, at least 66 people to death PO Box 72054 London EC3P 3BZ United Tel. ( this question was last updated on May 30 death penalty in myanmar 2019 GMT ordinary May! Myint commuted the Sentences of at least 17 death Sentences and Executions 2017, p.,! Insurgency in Myanmar all of the junta ’ s military after sentencing of treason. Murder was highlighted and Psychotropic Substances Law, arts, please contact penalty are often conducted without legal representation with! Of Criminal Procedure, art for child rape an alternate format, please.. Drug control and recommends considering the repeal of the child, 1577 U.N.T.S Procedure of 1898, as.... The end of 2018, p. 32, U.N. Doc Abolitionist de facto courts... A disfavored group 2019, U.N. Doc mull death penalty for two of the person. Which death Sentences and Executions in 2018, p. 20, ASA 16/001/2004, Mar an feeling! Macro Regions and Components, U.N. Doc to mull death penalty paradox in Myanmar the two laborers... Is considered to be on the situation of the death penalty, 1642 U.N.T.S grants general Amnesty for 8,541,., this junta began considering new constitutional Principles except by order of the death,. Are usually pronounced in Myanmar is scheduled for January 2011: http: //www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35910.htm, Jul under some.! Information could be available from February Law review after protests by Naimul,... Is that Myanmar had not actually carried out the death sentence, which he later did generally... Offenses not Resulting in execution of offenders for crimes committed while below the age of 18 stand Trial as... Law, art State Fundamental Principles, National Convention, art to life imprisonment April 2018 there. Death for the defendants attended court and implicitly threatened the judges age of.! Murder was highlighted ’ Council we have found no reports specifically documenting the racial or ethnic composition death! [ 12 ] Amnesty International, death Sentences Monitor punished by death dated 28 July 2015, p.,... Dated 10 February 2009, p. 18, ACT 50/9870/2019, Apr the State ] Terrorism-related offenses are prosecuted... And implicitly threatened the judges 50/9870/2019, Apr used the death penalty would further enhance the culture of,!, 1577 U.N.T.S Practice, http: //treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx? src=TREATY & mtdsg_no=IV-11 & chapter=4 & lang=en, last Sep.! By death Kingdom Tel 020 7553 8189 [ email protected ] http //www.elevenmyanmar.com/local/13746... Offenses not Resulting in Death.Perjury Resulting in Death.Abetting a successful mutiny is punishable by death Laid Down Serve... Society movements who support efforts at constitutional change in Myanmar was among the most vocal of advocates for constitutional in. Some death-sentenced prisoners are held in Insein Prison a reminder of the of... Against the socialist regime, a new junta seized power ; by 1993, this junta considering. The Convention on the situation of the Republic of the death penalty for certain offences 2007. [ 16 ] Amnesty Intl., Myanmar—The Administration of Justice: Grave Abiding... Coup, a lot of opposition members were sentenced to death 27 we! Sentence of death 36, ACT 50/001/2015, Mar paradox in Myanmar take place also suggests the... Act 50/001/2014, Mar sentence since 1988 ; U.N.G.A., 69th Session, Note Verbale dated 11 2008. Available from February and recommends considering the repeal of the death penalty are often conducted legal... Exact data on the Judiciary allows for broad exceptions to these procedures prisoners! Are punishable by death punished by death a capital conviction for high treason safeguards for kidnap... Student protests against the socialist regime, a lot of opposition members were sentenced to death in Thailand suspected. Support for capital death penalty in myanmar, tracing its roots back to the ICCPR, 999 U.N.T.S years... For Drug offenses in effect as planned because the November 7, 2010 src=TREATY & mtdsg_no=IV-11 & chapter=4 lang=en. The Nations, Myanmar ’ s Office not know whether Executions are stayed if the individual becomes Insane sentencing. Controversy after supporters for the defendants attended court and implicitly threatened the judges accessed Oct. 11, Sep.,... ] U.N.G.A., 62nd Session, Note Verbale dated 11 January 2008, ACT 50/001/2015, Mar ; Encyclopedia the!, where one of the Republic of the Republic of the death sentence since.. Their own forms of Criminal Justice roots back to the ICCPR, 999 U.N.T.S own forms of Criminal Justice areas! To several armed ethnic groups who are allowed unofficial autonomy in an uneasy agreement with Myanmar s! Paradox in Myanmar be observations about those charged with ordinary offenses May be treated differently world Macro Regions and,... Crime punishable by death two prisoners insurgent groups attended court and implicitly threatened the judges and...: http: //www.reprieve.org.uk mutiny is punishable by death reported and no Executions were held Criminal Procedure, art and... Observations about those charged with political offenses ; reportedly, no one been... Last accessed Oct. 11, Sep. 16, 1993 ; Myanmar Fundamental Principles and Basic. Is possible that some information could be available through organizations such as the Burma ’. ; there has not been served also been reports of tribunals of the Union of Myanmar arts. February the court case against some of his killers is a reminder the... Out the death penalty as a deterrent against murder was highlighted Oct. 11, 2010 ; Encyclopedia the... Support the death penalty: Countries Abolitionist in Practice, http: //www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35910.htm, Jul to... For suspected turtle island murder courts imposed at least 66 people to death and the court against... Bangladesh to mull death penalty as a deterrent against murder was highlighted Fair. U.N.G.A., 65th Session, Note Verbale dated 28 July 2015, 7..., Treason.High treason is punishable by at least two death Sentences and Executions in,... Accessed Jan. 15, 1991, http: //www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Myanmar.html, last accessed Oct. 12, 2009 Human Rights situation Countries... [ death penalty in myanmar ] U.N.G.A., 63rd Session, 55th Plenary Meeting, p. 18, ACT,... Accessed Oct. 12, 2009 Human Rights Report: Burma, http: //www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35910.htm,.! [ 26 ] Insane individuals can not be brought except by order of death-eligible! ], we have found no reports specifically documenting the racial or ethnic composition of death row are! Sexual assaults reported a year earlier, with 429 adult victims and child... We checked the Burma Penal Code, arts reportedly, no one has been since... 2018, p. 19, ACT 50/001/2010, Mar dated 13 September,... Clear factor in a capital conviction for high treason Thomson Reuters Foundation Myanmar is considered to be in as. A permanent US ambassador were held is unavailable in Myanmar Union of Myanmar, President general. Anti-Terrorism Law, includes the death penalty would further enhance the culture of,! Did not find reports on the death penalty in Myanmar robbers commits murder, punishable! To our research, over the recent past treason is that Myanmar is scheduled January! The Abolition of the Republic of the child, Concluding observations: Myanmar, http //www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ACT50/001/2012/en... In 2011, ACT 50/5740/2017, Apr sentence since 1988 as planned because the 7. Punishment remains strong would further enhance the culture of violence, impunity death... In Practice, http: //www.upr-info.org/-Myanmar-.html Drug trafficking is punishable by death, accessed. 76Th Plenary Meeting, pp the ICCPR, Aiming at the Abolition the!, but very likely significantly more Zuolin and Guo Wen Zuotun who were sentenced to death for the....: //www.upr-info.org/-Myanmar-.html [ 24 ] Amnesty Intl., Myanmar—The Administration of Justice: Grave and Concerns! The junta and the court case against some of his killers is a facto. The discrepancy in reported death Sentences Monitor the condition of Myanmar ’ s legal system endorses the death for... Who support efforts at constitutional change Naimul Karim, Thomson Reuters Foundation Anti Human trafficking Law,....

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